Dalmatia, called Dalmacija in Croatian and Dalmazia in Italian, is located on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea. It covers the land from the island of Pag in the northwest to the southeastern Bay of Kotor. Inland, Dalmatinska Zagora or inner Dalmatia varies in depth from 50 kilometers in the north to just a few kilometers in the south. |
Four counties comprise Dalmatia. Their capital cities are Zadar, Sibenik, Split, and Dubrovnik. Several other major cities also exist in the region, including Kastela, Sinj, Solin, Omis, Knin, Metkovic, and Markarska. There are also a number of islands in the province of Dalmatia. Dalmatia is a popular tourist destination, and tourism is a primary supporting industry, accounting for the urbanization of the region.
Dalmatia has a long and complex history. The name of the province most likely derives from an Illyrian tribe, the Dalmatae. The Dalmatae lived on the eastern Adriatic coast in the first millennium BC. The eastern Adriatic coast was under Illyrian control from the 4th century BC to the time of the Illyrian wars in 220 BC. .
In 168 BC, the Roman Empire established a base of operations south of Neretva River. Roman control of the region grew over time, until the province of Illyricum was formally established in 32 to 27 BC. The locals were not pleased by Roman control and revolted along with the Pannonians in 6 to 9 AD. The rebellion was brought under control and the Roman province of Illyricum was divided into the provinces of Dalmatia and Pannonia. Dalmatia incorporated the Dinaric Alps and most of the Eastern Adriatic coast. The Roman emperor Diocletian was born in Dalmatia. Following the fall of the Roman Empire, the region remained under the control of the Goths until 535 when Justinian added it to the newly growing Byzantine Empire.
The Middle Ages in Dalmatia were characterized by mass immigrations of Slav and Croat peoples. Culturally and linguistically, the populace of Dalmatia in the medieval period was split between Slavic speakers and Romance speakers. Over time, the population began to merge and blend and create a vibrant civilization with an emphasis on arts, literature, and science.
The different regions of Dalmatia offer a variety of atmospheres, cultural experiences, and pleasures. Each of the regions of Dalmatia includes interesting history and geography and has its own natural attractions, ranging from canyons and mountains to beaches and islands. The region of Dalmatia has been known for its beauty and trade importance for millennia.
Dalmatia - Zadar
Zadar is very popular as a yachting retreat. Kornati National Park, comprised of a number of beautiful small islands, sits in the waters of Zadar. There are many small coastal resort towns in the region. The city of Zadar not only offers great boating experiences and beautiful beaches, but also a number of well-preserved Roman monuments. The Paklenica canyon is a popular inland attraction.
Sibenik is also a popular area for yachters. A number of small islands dot the coastal waters. The cathedral of St. James in Sibenik dates to the 15th and 16th centuries and is quite lovely. The waterfalls at Krka National Park are a popular attraction in the region.
Dalmatia - Split
The city of Split is home to the most interesting Roman architecture of the region, the Palace of Diocletian. The coastal town of Trogir in the Split region is also remarkably well preserved. The large islands of the region of Split are also beautiful and known for their fine resorts.
Dalmatia - Dubrovnik
The old city of Dubrovnik is perhaps the most famous place in Croatia. The city itself is a UNESCO world heritage site. The region is not just home to the beautiful fortified old city, but also to a number of lovely islands including Mjet and Koreula.
The region of Dalmatia has a long and varied history dating back millennia. Today, Dalmatia boasts beautiful natural attractions and stunning historical monuments, including the Cathedral of St. James in Sibenik, the city of Dubrovnik, and the Palace of Split. The beaches, waters, and islands of Dalmatia offer warm waters, beautiful surroundings, and untouched natural wonders.